Oscar Robertson was born on Nov. 24, 1938, in Tennessee and moved to Indianapolis when he was a child. He attended Crispus Attucks High School, the first and only all-black high school in Indianapolis. Robertson led the Crispus Attucks basketball team to back-to-back state championship titles in 1955 and 1956. Attucks was the first all-black team to win the Indiana state title. Oscar was named Indiana’s “Mr. Basketball” in 1956.
Robertson played college basketball at the University of Cincinnati, where he earned the nickname “The Big O” while he led the team to the NCAA Final Four in 1959 and 1960. After graduating, Robertson played on the 1960 U.S. Olympic Team, which went undefeated and won the gold medal.
Oscar’s professional career began with the Cincinnati Royals, where he played for 10 years. He was awarded the NBA’s Rookie of the Year title in 1961 and Most Valuable Player in 1964. Robertson played for the Milwaukee Bucks for four years after his time in Cincinnati. He led that team to an NBA championship in 1971. Robertson retired from the NBA in 1974, and is still ranked as one of the all-time leading scorers in NBA history, with more than 26,000 points during his career.
“Oscar Robertson Biography” essay from his official Web site.
Price, Nelson. Indiana Legends: Famous Hoosiers from Johnny Appleseed to David Letterman. Carmel, Indiana: Guild Press of Indiana, 1997.
“Crispus Attucks High School Scrapbook, 1950–1996” collection guide from the Indiana Historical Society.