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Southern Europeans

Greeks

Greek Civil War Correspondence, 1947-1948. SC 2757. Three folders, one photograph folder. Collection guide online. Annette Savage served as the chairman for the Daniel Wertz Elementary School PTA World Relief Program from 1947-1948. The Evansville woman coordinated relief efforts to Greece during the final phase of the Greek Civil War (1942-1949). Greece suffered throughout World War II and in 1944 Germany invaded the country. A coalition of several Greek factions, including communists, fought off the invaders but internal conflict proved to be just as dangerous. The coalition that defended Greece against Germany was never united and infighting between the left-wing and right-wing forces resulted in civil war. The official administration fled the country during the world war years, and after the liberation from Germany, the conservative government returned to Greece. It was met with the Greek Communists, who wanted power after successfully defending their homeland. The bloody civil war lasted until 1949. This collection consists of twenty-one letters to George and Annette Savage from three families in Greece during 1947-1948, as well as notes from the men who translated the letters into English.

Italians

Bova Conti, John Account Book, 1924-1927. BV 2180. One bound volume. No collection guide available. Bova Conti was Sicilian native who came to the United States and operated an Italian grocery store in Indianapolis.

Buennagel, Freda Correspondence, 1924-1964. SC 2002. Three folders. No collection guide available. Buennagel was the housekeeper for Monsignor Marino Priori of Holy Rosary, Indianapolis. The collection contains cards and notes thanking her for her charitable donations in Italy.

DePalma, John Letter, October 22, 1935. SC 2886. One folder. Collection guide online. DePalma was born in Apulia, Italy and came to the United States to race cars. He participated in the 1915 Indianapolis 500 which was won by his brother, Ralph DePalma. The letter, October 22, 1935, was written on Hollywood Athletic Club letterhead by former race car driver John DePalma to Eddie Rickenbacker, principal owner of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway who was residing in New York City. The typewritten letter discusses the proposition to have Indianapolis Speedway general manager T.E. “Pop” Myers attend a race in California.

Gioscio, Giovanni Account Books, 1892-1923. F 0635. One reel of microfilm. No collection guide available. The account books for Giovanni Gioscio, an Italian Fresco painter who came to Indianapolis. He worked in several churches in the area. The materials are in Italian and English.

Loggia Colonia Italiana, Wayne County, no. 933. Record books, 1919-1950. BV 2044-2047. Four bound volumes. No collection guide available. The record books contain meeting minutes, dues, etc., which were written in Italian until January 1942.

Montani Family Papers, 1883-1988. M 0377, BV 2219-2235, BV 2541-2542, OM 0236. Ten manuscript boxes, 19 bound volumes, one oversize folder. Collection guide online. The Montani family immigrated to the U.S. from Italy in 1878 and moved to Indianapolis in 1881. Gaetano (Guy) Montani worked in the family businesses (grocery stores and an orchestra) and was a violinist with the Indianapolis Symphony. The collection contains family and business correspondence and records of the family businesses. Correspondence includes letters to Gaetano (Guy) Montani, World War II letters from brother Anthony (Tony), and service letters from the 1920s and 1930s from John Yacopino while he served in the Navy. There are also letters in Italian to family members in Indianapolis dating from 1883 to 1926. The financial records of Montani and Co. grocery (1880s-1977), including ledgers, invoices, receipts, correspondence and import records, and records of the Montani Brothers orchestra (1884-1957), including engagement books, programs, correspondence and materials from the Indianapolis Protective Musicians Union Local #3 are all part of the collection.

Priori, Monsignor Marino Correspondence, 1922-1939. OMB 0029. One oversize box. No collection guide available. Born in Montefalcene, Italy, and ordained a priest in Rome in 1901, Priori immigrated to the United States in 1909 and founded Holy Rosary Catholic Church in Indianapolis. The collection includes letters to Priori from various cardinals and Catholic Church officials, many in Rome.

Vigo, Francis Papers, 1751-1873 (bulk 1785-1820). M 0289, OM 0060, F 0655-0657. Three manuscript boxes, one oversize folder, three reels of microfilm. Collection guide online. Born in Mondovi, Italy, Vigo served with the Spanish Army in New Orleans. In 1772, he became a fur trader in St. Louis and later had a secret business partnership with the Spanish lieutenant Fernando de Leyba and aided George Rogers Clark with financial assistance and intelligence. In 1783, Vigo moved to Vincennes, continued in the fur trade and assisted Anthony Wayne and William Henry Harrison in negotiations with Native Americans. The collection contains Vigo’s business and personal papers. Topics include the fur trade at Vincennes, Fort Wayne, Detroit and Montreal; John Askin and the Miami Company; business dealings with the Piankeshaw and other Native Americans; land transactions at Vincennes, including lands donated by Congress to the original French settlers; Vigo’s work on behalf of Anthony Wayne and William Henry Harrison; and his efforts to collect repayment from Congress for loans to George Rogers Clark during the American Revolution. Also included is the inventory of Fernando de Leyba’s

Spanish

Sebastian, Benjamin (1745–1834) Papers, 1795–1807. SC 1728. Four folders, one oversize folder. Collection guide available at Library. Sebastian was a Kentucky attorney and judge of the Kentucky Appellate Court (1792-1806). He participated in the intrigues with Spain to break Kentucky and the western country away from the United States (1796); received a pension from Spain; and resigned his judgeship after public disclosure of his Spanish ties (1806). The collection consists of documents and letters relating to Sebastian’s involvement in the Spanish Conspiracy. Included are documents relating to the 1796 meeting between Sebastian and Francisco Luis Hector de Carondelet, Spanish governor of Louisiana; letters of Sebastian and his attorney, James Brown, regarding the accusations against Sebastian; and letters regarding Sebastian’s efforts to have his pension from Spain continued after 1806. Correspondents include James Brown, Francisco Luis Hector de Carondelet and Henry Clay.