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Germans

BIEBERICH, HEINRICH. Papers, 1841-1904. SC 2324. Three folders. Collection guide online. Born in Germany, Bieberich served in the Bavarian army. In 1843, he immigrated to the United States with his family and settled in Adams County. Living in Preble Township, he married and had nine children. This collection includes genealogical materials; a Bavarian army discharge; a notebook with birth and death records of Bieberich’s children; and deeds concerning three generations of the family. Materials are in German.

BREITWIESER FAMILY. Papers, 1848-1981. M 0059, OM 0284. One box, one oversize folder, two folders of photographs, artifacts. Collection guide online. The Breitwieser family immigrated to the United States about 1836 from the Grand Duchy of Hessen (Germany) and settled in Dubois County. Thomas J. Breitwieser (1886-1970) attended Central Normal College, Danville, Ind., and Indiana University, and was a teacher in Indiana. The collection contains records and correspondence of the Breitwieser, Baitz and Hotmanns families. Included is a passport from the Grand Duchy of Hessen for Kunigunde Hotmanns (1848), naturalization papers for Valentine Baitz from Ohio (1851), a copy of a letter in German from Valentine Baitz to his daughter (1890) and the marriage certificate of John C. Breitwieser and Katherine E. Baitz (1882). There is also a typed history of the Breitwieser family and a genealogical chart as well as Breitwieser family correspondence from 1944-1970. Also included are papers and photographs regarding Thomas J. Breitwieser’s education and teaching. Additional items include Edna Ruth Breiwieser’s (1918-) school photographs and a grade report card from the Muncie Public Schools, 1923-1926.

BRUCKER, MAGNUS. Papers, 1861-1868. M 0324. One box. Collection guide online. A native of Germany, Brucker studied medicine before immigrating to the U.S. in 1849. He settled in Troy, Perry County. Brucker was elected to the Indiana House in 1860 and 1866, and served as a surgeon with the 23rd Indiana Volunteer Regiment during the Civil War. The collection consists primarily of letters written (in German) by Brucker to his wife during the Civil War, and 12 letters written while he was serving in the state legislature. Topics include the Battle of Shiloh, the siege of Vicksburg and the Georgia campaign. The donor of the collection compiled supplementary materials to the letters, and these are included. Supplementary material includes typed transcripts and translations of letter extracts; photostats of correspondence relating to the 23rd Indiana Regiment held by the Indiana State Archives; biographical information about Brucker; and photostats of his military records from the National Archives.

BUESKING, FREDERICK. Ostermeier-Buesking Family Papers, 1849-1979 (bulk 1885-1927). M 0665, OM 0335. One box, one oversize folder. Collection guide in library. The papers in this collection center around Sophie Luise Eleanor (Ellen) Schwartz, Christian Ostermeier and Frederick Buesking. Sophie (Ellen) Schwartz (1849-1921) was born in Frille, Westphalia, Germany. She and her two siblings immigrated to the United States with her parents, Antoine and Caroline, around 1850 and planned to settle in Indianapolis. Two days after the family’s arrival in Indianapolis, Antoine was dead of typhoid. With the assistance of other family members who had arrived in the area earlier, Caroline and her children settled and farmed a plot of land in Buck Creek Township, Hancock County. In 1871, Ellen Schwartz married fellow German immigrant, Christian Friedrich Anton Ostermeier (1842-1874), and they had two children, Charles Gottlieb and William Henry. After Christian Ostermeier’s death, Ellen worked at the Anton Schildmeier farm where she met and married Frederick Buesking (1855-1936), originally from Neunknick, Germany, in 1878. They returned to farming on her homestead in Hancock County, which she had settled with her first husband. Frederick and Ellen Buesking produced four children, Albert, Edward, Caroline and Julia. The collection consists of 29 letters sent to Frederick Buesking and his family from relatives in Neuenknick, Depenbrock and Seelenfeld, Germany, 1885-1927. Topics include family news, local happenings, farming information exchanges, the military draft in Germany and World War I. The tone of the letters are very religious and optimistic in nature. They included English translations by Ilse Edwards of Indianapolis. Also included are family documents such as birth certificates, wedding licenses, naturalization papers and certificates, 1849-1930. There is also a copy of the Ostermeier/Buesking family history by Jacqueline K. Johnson, 1979, and other related genealogical information.

FEIL, CATHARINA SCHULTE. Letters, 1861-1893. SC 2227. Photocopy. One folder. No collection guide available. Born in Germany, Feil immigrated to U.S. and settled in Indianapolis where she worked in a bakery. Letters from Feil to family in Germany describe everyday life and family experiences.

FLEMING, MARY LOU ROBSON. Research notes about Jacob Schnee, 1807-1984. SC 1951. Four folders. No collection guide available. Fleming was Schnee’s great-granddaughter.

FOERSTER, CHARLES. Papers. SC 0584. Four folders. No collection guide available. Native German, manager of German Literary Bureau, Democratic Party politician and Consul General to Calcutta. Contains citizenship papers, biographical news clippings and material regarding German Literary Bureau.

FOLK, CHRISTIAN. Letter. 28 July 1849. SC 2225. Photocopy. One folder. No collection guide available. Folk was born in Württemberg, Germany, and settled in Clinton County. Letter to Folk is from immigrant group in Wheeling, W. Va., asking him to come and pick up his sister whom he had asked to come to U.S. In German with English translation.

FRAUER, HERMANN E. Apothecary Records, 1875-1901. SC 2373. Three folders. Collection guide online. Born in Germany, Frauer came to Indianapolis with his father in 1855. In 1869, the senior Frauer took over an apothecary shop founded by Charles Roesch; Herman Frauer took over the business in 1876. The apothecary was still operating in 1905 on East Washington Street in Indianapolis. The collection contains two notebook formularies and two folders of loose apothecary formulae. Many of the formulae are in German, with the remainder in English and Latin and most items are undated.

FRIED, FREDERICK G. Civil War Memoir, 1862-1865. SC 2034. Photocopy of typewritten memoir. One folder. No collection guide available. Born in Württemberg, Germany, Fried immigrated to America in 1854 and settled in Noble County. He served in 74th Indiana Regiment during the Civil War.

GEHRING, BEATUS. Papers, 1850s-1860s. SC 2017. Photocopy. Two folders. No collection guide available. Born in Baden, Germany, immigrated to Oldenburg. Gehring’s soldier’s question-and-answer book from Badish Army. Discusses the role of the military in society. Also, account of Oldenburg brick yard. In German.

GERMAN AMERICAN BOATING CLUB (Indianapolis, Ind). Letter and Title Receipt, 1938. SC 1936. One folder. No collection guide available. Letter and title receipt, 1938, two items.

GLOESSLEIN, GEORGE MICHAEL. Papers, 1839-1850. SC 0630, F 0205. Two folders, one reel of microfilm. Collection guide in library. German native who settled in Jackson and Lawrence counties. Nine letters from relatives in Germany. Typed transcripts and translations.

HELLEKSON, RUTH. Scrapbooks. BV 0575-0576. Two bound volumes. No collection guide available. Contains copy of 1908 Saengerfest Program, Indianapolis.

HEURING, FREDERICK A. Papers, 1861-1907 (bulk, 1861-1864). M 0590, F 1290. One box, one reel of microfilm. Collection guide online. Born in Germany, Heuring was living in Rockport by 1861. He enlisted with the 25th Indiana Regiment during the Civil War as a chaplain, and served mainly in Missouri and Arkansas. Thirty years later, he seems to have been living in Oklahoma, and he died sometime after 1907. The collection contains a journal (1861-1864), discharge and G.A.R. papers, and clippings. The journal, kept during Heuring’s Civil War service, deals with his duties as chaplain and his concerns about getting wounded soldiers home to recuperate instead of sending them to military hospitals. The journal, kept on a day-to-day basis, also gives Heuring’s personal feelings on a number of military topics.

HOFERER, MARTIN. Letter, 25 August 1875. SC 0766. One folder. No collection guide available. Letter from Hoferer in Ripley County to Mr. Muller. Contains agriculture-related news. In German with transcription and translation.

HOFMANN, WILLIAM. Papers, 1840-1888. SC 1995. Three folders. Collection guide in library. Native of Kaiserlauten, Rhinepfalz, came to U.S. in 1850 and settled in Posey County. Hoffman was a farmer and also operated a brewery. Collection contains letters to parents describing voyage across the Atlantic, life in America and family information. In German with English translation.

HOTZ, JOSEPH. Civil War Letters, 1861-1865. M 0710, F 0079. One box, one reel of microfilm. Collection guide online. Joseph Hotz (1832-65) was born near Kinsing (Kinzig) Baden, Germany, and immigrated to Seymour, Jackson County, where he was a farmer. On Oct. 31, 1861, he enlisted in Company A of the 50th Indiana Regiment. Hotz was transferred to the 50th Reserved Battalion, Company E, on March 2, 1864, and was killed at Spanish Fort, Ala., on March 28, 1865. Hotz had a wife named Maria and daughter named Karolina. The collection is comprised of 25 letters written in German by Joseph Hotz while he served with the 50th Indiana Regiment to his wife, Maria, November 1861 to February 1865. These letters apparently are part of a larger collection of original letters. Also included in the collection are two sets of typed translations. The first set contains transcriptions and translations of 112 letters from Hotz to his wife. Written while serving as a private in the 50th Indiana, the letters were written from Bedford, Ind.; Kentucky; Tennessee; Camp Morton (Indianapolis), Arkansas; Louisiana and Alabama, November 1861 to March 1865. Hotz writes of his loneliness and is often disappointed with his wife’s lack of comfort and support. He also inquires about friends and family at home, the health of his daughter, and gives financial instructions regarding the running of the family farm as well as relating the regiment’s engagements and the death of friends. Also included are translations of three letters to Mrs. Hotz from Corporal V. Wicker of the 50th Indiana, Company E, in Mobile, Ala. Wicker discusses Hotz’s death and his financial accounts with soldiers in the company. The collection also contains a reel of microfilm of approximately 108 of Hotz’s letters to his wife in German and a printed copy of a second set of typed translations of these letters.

IGLEHART, JOHN E. Letter. M 0153. Nine boxes. Collection guide in library. Letter to Richard Barthold, St. Louis, 22 September 1916, expressing gratitude for his support of German-American rights.

INDIANA CIRCUIT COURT (MARION COUNTY). Records, 1821-1868. M 0553. Four boxes. Collection guide in library. Includes suits and documents with naturalization, mainly German and Irish.

INDIANAPOLIS GERMAN FREETHINKER SOCIETY. Translation of Minutes, 1870-1890. SC 2060. One folder. No collection guide available. Translation of Minutes, 1870-1890. Photocopy. Freethinkers were members of a religious rationalist organization that attacked Biblical infallibility and advocated natural religion based on man’s moral freedom.

JACOB SCHNEE. Biography, 1784-1938. By Mary Lou Robson Fleming. SC 2052. One hundred fifty pages. One folder. No collection guide available. Schnee was a Lutheran Minister, utopian community pioneer, publisher and one of the earliest German printers in America. Founded communities in Pennsylvania, Maryland and leased 800 acres of land east of New Harmony in 1827.

JOHN GUEDELHOEFER WAGON COMPANY (Indianapolis, Ind.). Records, 1925-1935. M 0122. Two boxes. Collection guide in library. German immigrant who founded and built wagons and similar vehicles in Indianapolis.

KATTERHENRY, CHRISTINA. Letter, 25 November 1861. SC 0896. One folder. No collection guide available. Huntingburg. In German with typed translation. Letter contains lengthy comments about Civil War.

KOLYER, SILVIA. Art History term paper. SC 0933. One folder. No collection guide available. On German contribution to Indianapolis architecture.

LANGE, ALBERT. Autobiographical Letter, 25 March 1858. SC 0955. Photostat. One folder. No collection guide available. Description of early life and coming to America from Germany in 1830 after five years of imprisonment for treason.

LAW, WILLIAM H. and JOHN. Papers. SC 0963. One folder. No collection guide available. Contains letter of 5 November 1838 from J.B. McCall to John Law. Concerns hiring of immigrants to work on Wabash and Erie Canal through Lamasco.

LIEBER, META. Papers, 1896-1922. M 0183. Two boxes. Collection guide in library. Contains printed items such as programs from plays, concerts, etc., including many from German-related organizations and events.

MAYER, CHARLES. Papers, 1838-1895. SC 1055. Twenty-nine letters, typed transcripts. Five folders. Collection guide in library. Tells of voyage to U.S. from Germany, coming to Indianapolis and going into business.

MEGGANHOFFEN, CHARLES WILLIAM. Genealogy Notebook, ca. 1900-1975. SC 2021. One folder. No collection guide available. Chilicothe, Ohio, native, father born in Frankfort, Germany; lived in Lafayette and Indianapolis. Worked on Monon Railroad.

ORNDORFF, JAMES. Marriage License, 2 June 1880. OM 0184. One oversize folder. No collection guide available. In German.

PEPPERTOWN, INDIANA. Cemetery Records, 1986. SC 2139. Photocopy. Four folders. No collection guide available. Includes German Lutheran Cemetery records and burial records of German immigrants. Compiled by Helen Moore.

PLEASANT RUN CHILDREN’S HOME (Indianapolis, Ind.). 1867-1987. M 0227, OMB 0016, BV 1700-1708, BV 1884-1885, BV 1920-1922. Six boxes, 14 bound volumes, two oversize boxes. Collection guide Online. The Deutschen Allgemeinen Protestantischen Waisenvereins was founded in 1867 as an orphanage by a German-American fraternal organization. In 1918, the association changed its official language from German to English and its name to the General Protestant Orphan Association. In the 1960s, neglected and pre-delinquent children became the focus of the home. The name was changed to the Pleasant Run Children’s Home in 1971. In the 1980s, the focus changed to a group home setting. By 1993, there were five group homes serving children who were mostly wards of the court. Most records before 1918 are in German. The collection contains minutes of the board (1867-1985); historical and financial records; histories of the home; superintendent reports; tax reports and audits; records of the ladies’ auxiliary (1902-1918); and records of children in the home (1873-1952). There are also three 1948 photographs and two bronze plaques are stored in the Artifacts collection.

RAPP, FREDERICK. Papers, 1816-1827. SC 2441. Two folders. Collection guide online. Frederick Rapp was the adopted son of George Rapp and founder of the Harmony Society, which left Germany in 1803, and settled in Pennsylvania before moving to 20,000 acres in southwest Indiana in 1814. He served as the society’s leader and spokesman, was a delegate to the 1816 Indiana Constitutional Convention and was a member of the 1820 commission to locate a new state capital. The collection consists mostly of letters written to Rapp from Shawneetown and Edwardsville, Ill., and Vincennes. Many are introductions for individuals visiting or passing through New Harmony. There is also an invoice of goods received, a cash account and letters regarding financial matters. Two letters are in German script.

RAUH, SAMUEL E. and CHARLES S. Papers, 1900-1948. M 0406. Two boxes. Collection guide online. Samuel E. Rauh immigrated from Germany to Dayton, Ohio, as a child. After working in the family business there, he moved to Indianapolis in 1874 and ran a number of businesses in the areas of tanning, fertilizer production, meat packing, railroads, stockyards, banking, realty and public utilities. His son Charles S. joined him in business and succeeded him upon his death. The collection includes personal and business correspondence and documents dealing with family businesses in Indianapolis and Dayton. Businesses include the Indianapolis Belt Railroad and Stock Yards Company, E. Rauh & Sons, Rauh Realty Company, Bedford Stone and Construction Company, Kahn Tailoring Company, Peoples Light and Heat Company, and the family’s hide business. Family papers contain correspondence, estate documents for Samuel Rauh’s brothers, home finances, Charles Rauh’s Christmas cards, clippings, cards from his wallet, insurance documents, and materials concerning donations to Jewish charities.

REICHMANN, EBERHARD. Papers, 1910-1988 (bulk, 1910-1928). M 0438. One box. Collection guide online. Born in Germany, Reichmann immigrated to the U.S. in 1953, took a doctorate in languages and taught German Studies at Indiana University from 1959-1989. He is the author of numerous books and articles on German immigration and Indiana German Americana. The collection contains musical and theatrical programs from Indianapolis theaters and other locations in Indiana and other states from the 1910s to the 1920s collected by Reichmann. Most of the programs are from the Murat Theatre and English’s Opera House, both in Indianapolis. Also included are programs from the Walther League Convention, a Lutheran singing society, 1916-1921. Many items deal with productions by German composers or German Americana. About 20 percent of the collection is in German.

SAHM, LOUIS. Diary, 1856-1858. SC 2341. One folder. Collection guide online. Born Ludwig Sahm in Germany, Louis immigrated with his wife to Texas in 1844; they moved to Indianapolis ca. 1848. Sahm assisted in the construction of Union Station and owned a grocery store from 1862 until his death. He also helped organize the first German Reformed Church in Indianapolis. The collection consists of a personal diary written in Indianapolis from 9 October 1856 to 1 January 1858. The entire volume is in German.

SAINT PETER’S GERMAN REFORMED CHURCH (SAINT PETER, INDIANA). Records, 1860-1926. SC 2010. One folder. No collection guide available. Photocopy of records, 1860-1926.

SALEM EVANGELICAL CHURCH REGISTER, 1869-1950. M 0341. Photostats. One box. No collection guide available. Wanatah, LaPorte County. Mostly in German.

SCHLIEMANN, HEINRICH. Papers, 1869-1960 (bulk 1869-1870). M 0378. Photostats. One box. Collection guide online. Born in Germany, Schliemann lived in several European countries and made his fortune working in international commerce and the export business. Schliemann had no formal training in archaeology, but he is best remembered for his excavations of Troy. In 1852, he married a Russian woman, Catherina Lishin, who later refused to leave St. Petersburg or to allow their three children to leave, to travel with Schliemann on business or archaeological pursuits. In 1869, he decided to divorce his wife and moved to Indianapolis to take advantage of Indiana’s lax divorce laws. The collection contains photostats of Schliemann’s letters in English, German, Greek, French and Russian, 1869-1870, written while he was in Indianapolis, and translations and notes made ca. 1950-1960. The letters deal with business matters and the progress of Schliemann’s divorce.

SCHRAMM FAMILY PAPERS, 1842-1930 (bulk 1851-1911). M 0248, BV 1736-1738, BV 2107-2108, F 0286-0292. Five boxes, five bound volumes, seven reels of microfilm. Collection guide online. Jacob Schramm came to the United States from Germany in 1835 and settled on a farm in Sugar Creek Township, Hancock County, in 1836. His son, Wilhelm August Schramm, farmed and was an insurance agent in Hancock and Marion counties. The collection contains August Schramm’s diaries (1851-1908); the early volumes are in German and the remainder are in English. Topics include family, farming, social life, travel, politics, business conditions and the German community in central Indiana. Also included are farm cashbooks in German kept by August and Gustav Schramm; Anna Schramm’s writing book; correspondence; a draft of An Account of the Journey of Jacob Schramm, translated by Emma Vonnegut; and The Life of Jacob Schramm, handwritten in German by August Schramm with an English translation.

SHAMBAUGH, ADAM. “Early Days on the Wabash River, Indiana.” SC 2152. Photostats. One folder. No collection guide available. Contains chapter on many United Brethren preachers active in Indiana.

SPEYER, HANSWERNER. Papers, 1920-1956. M 0534. Three boxes. Collection guide online. A native of Freiberg, Germany, Speyer immigrated to the U.S. in 1921. Trained in mechanical engineering, he worked as a toolmaker for several companies, including the Ford Motor Company in Detroit (ca. 1923-1928). Speyer came to Indianapolis as a representative of the Dual Duty Company, a truck transport firm, and in 1931, he acquired his own trucking business. Initially called Contract Carriers, Inc., the company went through several name changes including: Transportation Fuel and Supplies Inc.; Cincinnati, Eastern Indiana, and Indianapolis Motor Express Company; and the AAA Transportation Inc. Company. The operation continued into the 1950s. The collection contains Speyer’s correspondence, business records, literary articles and translations. Personal correspondence is from family and friends in Germany (Freiberg, Berlin and Freital) and Forbach, France. Topics include family news and general conditions in Germany and France from 1920 until after World War II. There is also correspondence from family and friends in the U.S., including requests to help relatives in Germany obtain visas and advice to new immigrants. Also included is correspondence to U.S. officials concerning developments in post World War II Germany and efforts to locate his sister. Speyer’s business and financial papers include records from his trucking business; a legal suit against the Indiana Public Service Commission; and charges regarding the sale of coal below minimum price. Other items include his patent drawings, and his literary writings and translations for magazines. Most of the collection is in German, including some correspondence in Fraktur.

STEIN, THEODORE. SC 1404. One folder. No collection guide available. Clothing Account of German Co. A, 60th Indiana Regiment, 20 December 1862.

VEREIN BAVARIA (INDIANAPOLIS, IND.). Minutes, 1888-1950. BV 2249-2250. Two bound volumes. No collection guide available. VONNEGUT, CLEMENS. Account Books, 1859-1864. BV 0387-0388. Two bound volumes. No collection guide available. Native of Münster, Prussia, immigrated to Indianapolis where he founded a hardware business.

WANDERBUCH für HEINRICK BREIDENBACH. Papiermacher, 1828-1837. SC 0130. Photocopy. One folder. Collection guide in library. Traveling journeyman’s book. Born in Germany and lived in Orange and Dubois counties, Indiana. In addition to the book, the collection also contains naturalization certificate and marriage record.

WEBER, GOTTFRIED. Autobiography, 1877. SC 2290. Photocopy. Two folders. No collection guide available. Born in Hanover, Germany, and worked on the canal in Ohio and Indiana.

WILLIAMS, MARY DEAN. Papers, 1850-1986. M 0460, OM 0181. One box, one oversize folder. Collection guide online. Williams, born Mary Dean Whitmer, was born in Shelby County. She worked in Indianapolis and married businessman Russell Williams in 1925. The collection contains family correspondence, diary and letter excerpts, a scrapbook, memoirs, a list of heirlooms and a birth certificate. The 1850 birth certificate is of Maria Louisa Witmer, Shelby County, and is in German. The scrapbook contains clippings of a newspaper series about Indianapolis from 1836-1936. The correspondence is between Williams and Whitmer family members, 1922-1943. There are also photocopies of diary and letter excerpts of Williams and her female relatives (1901-1928), Williams’ memoirs, and an heirloom record.

ZUR OEVESTE, JOHANN HEINRICH. Papers, 1834-1939. SC 2042, OM 0188. Photocopies. Two folders, two oversize folders. No collection guide available. Farmer in Bartholomew County and in Kansas.

COUNTIES-VANDERBURGH-EVANSVILLE. M 0075. One box. No collection guide available. Medical record book with illnesses and treatments. Partially in German.