Guide to Ethnic History Materials
in Manuscript Collections at the
Indiana Historical Society

 

Prepared by Paul Brockman
With assistance from Betsy Caldwell

Third Edition

20 September 2002

 


Belgians

Bulgarians

Dutch

English

French

Germans

Greeks

Hungarians

Irish

Italians

Jews

Poles

Russians

Scots

Swiss


 

INTRODUCTION

The Ethnic History Collection Project of the Indiana Historical Society was established to collect, preserve, and make available for research, materials which illuminate the history of the various ethnic groups that have played an important role in Indiana’s development. While the Germans have by far been the largest group statewide, the presence of other groups has been significant as well. Irish, Italians, Eastern Europeans, most recently Vietnamese, Cambodians, and Hispanics, to name a few, have settled in the state through the years. Since its inception in the early 1980s, the Ethnic History Collection Project has obtained business records, letters, photographs, and other items representing the Italian, German, Greek, and other ethnic groups. Yet we believe there are many collections still to be discovered, and the Society hopes that its effort to publicize the importance of these materials will lead to their discovery.

This guide is highlights some of the manuscript collections held by the Indiana Historical Society Library, arranged by ethnic groups listed in alphabetical order.  Additions will be made to the guide as other collections are received and processed.  Not all the items listed in this guide deal exclusively with ethnic groups.  In some instances ethnic groups form a component of a larger collection.  When this occurs, the relationship to the specific ethnic group is indicated.

If you want further information on ethnic manuscript collections at IHS, contact:

Paul A. Brockman
Senior Archivist
317-234-0048
pbrockman@indianahistory.org

Indiana Historical Society
450 West Ohio St.
Indianapolis, IN 46202-3269

 

BELGIANS

GILLES, JOHN FRANCIS.  Civil War Diaries, 1861–1865.  SC 2392.  1 folder.  Collection guide online.  Gilles, a native of Antwerp, Belgium, served in the 33rd Indiana Volunteer Regiment during the Civil War. Gilles enlisted from Knox County, Ind., and saw action in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Georgia.

The collection contains two small diaries kept by Gilles during his entire four years of service in Company B, 33rd Indiana Volunteer Regiment. The entries, in pencil and pen, are very small and badly faded.

BULGARIANS

NIZAMOFF, CHRISTO N.  Oral history interview, 1986.  CT 0453–0454.  2 audiocassettes.  No collection guide available.  Emigrated from Macedonia to Indianapolis in 1930.  Founder and editor of the Macedonian Tribune and lay leader of St. Stephen’s Eastern Orthodox Church.

DUTCH

BAIRD, EMILY J. Letter, 21 June 1859.  SC 2410.  1 folder.  Collection guide online.  The collection contains a letter from Baird in Cloverdale, Indiana to William J. Koons, Bethel, Kentucky.  Topics include Baird's garden and farm, visitors, bigotry, and the intermarriage of Dutch and Irish.

TEN BROOK, ANDREW.  Autobiography, 1888–1889.  SC 2162.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Written in 1888–1889 in Rockville, Ind.  Typed transcript.

ENGLISH

ARNOLD FAMILY.  Notebook, 1802–1815.  M 0007.  Photocopies.  1 box, 1 microfilm.  Collection guide in library.  John Arnold came from the Isle of Wight.  Contains notations from gazetteers on what to take to America and good places to settle.

BARKER, JOHN.  Family papers, 1856–1864. SC 2385.  Photocopy.  2 folders.  Collection guide online.  Barker was a native of Lincolnshire, England, and moved to the United States in 1853, settling near Connersville, Ind., but later moved about the state.  His children who appear in the correspondence are Thomas, William, Barton, Frances, and Mary. The family worked as blacksmiths and farmers.

The collection consists of letters written by Barker and his family in Indiana to relatives in England.  Topics include family news, the price of goods, rates for blacksmithing, master-worker relations in the U.S. and England, and freeing slaves during the Civil War.

BETHELL-WARREN.  Papers.  M0018.  4 boxes, 12 bound volumes, 1 flat file folder.  Collection guide in library.  Contains letter from William Willmore, London, England, to brother, C. Harrison Willmore, Evansville, 25 December 1859.

ENGLISH-SPEAKING UNION OF THE UNITED STATES.  Indianapolis Branch.  Records, 1922–1991 (bulk 1946–1973).  M 0644, OM 0304.  6 boxes, 2 folders.  Collection guide available.  The English-Speaking Union was founded in New York in 1920 to strengthen relations between the U.S. and other English-speaking nations.  Charles J. Lynn founded the Indianapolis branch in 1949.  Lynn was followed as president by his wife Dorothy B. Lynn and Robert S. Ashby.  The branch provides scholarships for British Commonwealth students to attend Indiana University and for Marion County (Ind.) teachers to study at British universities.

The collection contains correspondence, programs, menus, and a scrapbook of newspaper clippings.  Records from Dorothy B. Lynn's presidency form the bulk of the collection.  Topics include program speakers, exchange students and teachers, visitors, and scholarship drives.  Also included are Charles J. Lynn's materials on his founding of the local branch.

EMIGRANTS–SMALL NOTEBOOK.  SC 0546.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Containing clippings and copies of letters from English emigrants.  One is from Evansville.

EVENS, WILLIAM HENRY.  Letter, 11 March 1846.  SC 0556.  1 folder.  No collection guide available. Autobiographical letter from English born Evens, who was living in Fayette County, Indiana, to uncle George Andrews, in Dover, New Hampshire.

FOSTER, MATTHEW.  Pike County.  SC 0587.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Photocopies and typed transcripts.  Ancestors of John Foster Dulles by Ruth Miley McClellan.  Includes letters of Matthew Foster to relatives in England, 1821–1824.

HILL, RICHARD.  Notebook, 1829–1840. SC 0750.  1 folder.  Collection guide in library.  Most of book was kept in England, Kirton parish, Bush Village, Hamburg, and Ludborough (or Sudborough).  A few entries from Madison, Indiana, 1840.

HODGSON, THOMAS.  Book.  SC 0764.  2 folders.  Collection guide in library.  Contains accounts of Thomas Hodgson of Cumberland County, England, 1755–1786; notes of Thomas Patterson who was born in England and immigrated to Virginia and Harrison County, Indiana.  Last entry is dated 1855.

HORNBROOK, SANDERS.  Letters, 1818–1821. SC 0783.  Typed transcripts.  2 folders.  Collection guide in library.  Letters from Fairstock, England, to Connersville, Indiana.

INGLE, JOHN.  Correspondence, 1813–1868. M 0167, OM 0040.  1 box.  1 oversize folder.  Collection guide online.  John Ingle (1788–1874) emigrated from Somersham, England, to America in 1818. He settled near Saundersville (now Inglefield) in Vanderburgh County where he farmed and served as the town's postmaster from 1823–1869.

The collection consists primarily of correspondence of Ingle and his wife, Martha, with their family in England, 1813–1869.  The letters discuss a variety of subjects including the differences between life in America and England, the development of Southern Indiana, conditions in England, the family business, and economic, religious, and political matters.  Also included is John Ingle's description of his trip from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Indiana, and his visit to Morris Birbeck's Illinois settlement in 1818.  There also are letters from the Ingles' son, John, Jr., to his English relatives, 1834–1837.

STOCKDALE, WILLIAM.  Letters, 1865–1910.  SC 1412.  5 folders.  No collection guide available.  Stockdale immigrated to America during the Civil War, served in the Union Army, and lived in Henry and Hancock counties, Indiana.  Collection consists of letters to Stockdale from his family in Manchester, England.

FRENCH

BADOLLET, JOHN.  Papers, 1768–1901.  F 0032–0033.  2 reels of microfilm.  No collection guide available.  Includes letters of Louis Salomon, 1807–35.

COUPIN, CLAUDE ANTOINE GABRIEL.  Papers, 1790–1805. M 0416.  1 box.  Collection guide in library. Came to America from Sevres, France in 1790.  Collection contains legal documents, letters, and bills.

EDWARDS, ABRAHAM.  Account Books of Abraham Edwards of Detroit, 1817–1823.  F 0005.  1 reel of microfilm.  Collection guide in library.  General store used by residents of Michigan, Northern Indiana, and elsewhere.

HALDIMAND, FREDERICK.  Papers. SC 0667.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Photocopies.  Ten documents, 1766–1774, long hand copies from Public Archives of Canada.

LASSELLE, HYACINTH.  Collection Transcripts and Translations, 1713–1908.  M 0435.  3 boxes.  Collection guide online.  Hyacinth Lasselle was a French trader and officer in the Indiana militia. He married Julia Bosseron, the daughter of a Vincennes fur trader.  The couple's children were Charles B., a lawyer and politician of Cass County, Ind.; Stanislaus, a dry goods merchant and newspaper publisher; Hyacinth Jr., a merchant, lawyer, and newspaper publisher; and Jacques Magloire, a Cass County lawyer and judge.

The collection contains transcripts and translations of about 800 French language documents from the Lasselle Collection of the Indiana State Library.  The documents are the personal and business papers of the family, and deal with French traders, the early military history of the state, and the business and political activities of Lasselle's sons.

LASSELLE, HYACINTH.  Accounts List, 1816.  SC 0958.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  List of debts due to A. Marchall’s estate recovered by Lasselle as administrator.

OLD NORTHWEST.  Papers and Documents.  1721–1802 (bulk 1780–1801). M 0367.  3 boxes, 10 oversize folders.  Collection guide online.  The Northwest Territory was created by the Ordinance of 1787 and consisted of land between the Ohio River, the Mississippi River, and the Great Lakes.  In 1800 the Indiana Territory was separated from the Northwest Territory, and two years later the present state of Michigan was added to the Indiana Territory.  In 1803 the Northwest Territory ceased to exist with the admission of Ohio as a state.

The collection contains miscellaneous papers in English, German, and French; some French materials have been translated into English.  The papers relate to the exploration, settlement, and administration of the Northwest Territory.  Topics include the U.S. Army in the west; the campaigns against Native Americans by Harmar, St. Clair, and Wayne; the Ohio Company and land settlement; the French and British in the Northwest Territory and in the American Revolution; territorial court records; territorial politics and government; French fur trading expeditions; government relations and treaties with Native Americans; Clark's expeditions against Vincennes and Kaskaskia; and military actions in the west during the American Revolution.

VACELET, JEAN DÉSIRÉ.  Passport.  OM 0211.  1 oversize folder.  No collection guide available.  Passport, 21 February 1865 (in French). Vacelet lived in Vincennes.

GERMANS

BIEBERICH, HEINRICH.  Papers, 1841–1904.  SC 2324.  3 folders.  Collection guide online.  Born in Germany, Bieberich served in the Bavarian army.  In 1843 he immigrated to the United States with his family and settled in Adams County, Indiana.  Living in Preble Township, he married and had nine children.  The collection includes genealogical materials; a Bavarian army discharge; a notebook with birth and death records of Bieberich's children; and deeds concerning three generations of the family.  Materials are in German.

BREITWIESER FAMILY.  Papers, 1848–1981. M 0059, OM 0284.  1 box, 1 oversize folder, 2 folders of photographs, artifacts.  Collection guide online.  The Breitwieser family immigrated to the United States about 1836 from the Grand Duchy of Hessen (Germany) and settled in Dubois County, Indiana.  Thomas J. Breitwieser (1886–1970) attended Central Normal College, Danville, Ind., and Indiana University, and was a teacher in Indiana.

The collection contains records and correspondence of the Breitwieser, Baitz, and Hotmanns families.  Included is a passport from the Grand Duchy of Hessen for Kunigunde Hotmanns (1848), naturalization papers for Valentine Baitz from Ohio (1851), a copy of a letter in German from Valentine Baitz to his daughter (1890), and the marriage certificate of John C. Breitwieser and Katherine E. Baitz (1882).  There is also a typed history of the Breitwieser family and a genealogical chart as well as Breitwieser family correspondence from 1944–1970.  Also included are papers and photographs regarding Thomas J. Breitwieser's education and teaching.  Additional items include Edna Ruth Breiwieser's (1918–) school photographs and a grade report card from the Muncie Public Schools, 1923–1926.

BRUCKER, MAGNUS.  Papers, 1861–1868.  M 0324.  1 box.  Collection guide online.  A native of Germany, Brucker studied medicine before immigrating to the U.S. in 1849. He settled in Troy, Perry County, Ind. Brucker was elected to the Indiana House in 1860 and 1866, and served as a surgeon with the 23rd Indiana Volunteer Regiment during the Civil War.

The collection consists primarily of letters written (in German) by Brucker to his wife during the Civil War, and 12 letters written while he was serving in the state legislature. Topics include the Battle of Shiloh, the siege of Vicksburg, and the Georgia campaign.  The donor of the collection compiled supplementary materials to the letters, and these are included. Supplementary material includes typed transcripts and translations of letter extracts; photostats of correspondence relating to the 23rd Indiana Regiment held by the Indiana State Archives; biographical information about Brucker; and photostats of his military records from the National Archives.

BUESKING, FREDERICK.  Ostermeier-Buesking Family Papers, 1849–1979 (bulk 1885–1927).  M 0665, OM 0335.  1 box, 1 oversize folder.  Collection guide in library.  The papers in this collection center around Sophie Luise Eleanor (Ellen) Schwartz, Christian Ostermeier and Frederick Buesking.  Sophie (Ellen) Schwartz (1849–1921) was born in Frille, Westphalia, Germany.  She and her two siblings immigrated to the United States with her parents, Antoine and Caroline, around 1850 and planned to settle in Indianapolis.  Two days after the family’s arrival in Indianapolis, Antoine was dead of typhoid.  With the assistance of other family members who had arrived in the area earlier, Caroline and her children settled  and farmed a plot of land in Buck Creek Township, Hancock County, Indiana.  In 1871 Ellen Schwartz married fellow German immigrant, Christian Friedrich Anton Ostermeier (1842–1874), and they had two children, Charles Gottlieb and William Henry.  After Christian Ostermeier’s death, Ellen worked at the Anton Schildmeier farm where she met and married Frederick Buesking (1855–1936), originally from Neunknick, Germany,  in 1878. They returned to farming on her homestead in Hancock County, which she had settled with her first husband.  Frederick and Ellen Buesking produced four children, Albert, Edward, Caroline and Julia.

The collection consists of twenty-nine letters sent to Frederick Buesking and his family from relatives in Neuenknick, Depenbrock and Seelenfeld, Germany, 1885–1927.  Topics include family news, local happenings, farming information exchanges, the military draft in Germany, and World War I.  The tone of the letters are very religious and optimistic in nature.  They included English translations by Ilse Edwards of Indianapolis, Ind.  Also included are family documents such as birth certificates, wedding licenses, naturalization papers, and certificates, 1849–1930.  There is also a copy of the Ostermeier/Buesking family history by Jacqueline K. Johnson, 1979, and other related genealogical information.

FEIL, CATHARINA SCHULTE.  Letters, 1861–1893.  SC 2227.  Photocopy.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Born in Germany, Feil immigrated to U.S. and settled in Indianapolis where she worked in a bakery.  Letters from Feil to family in Germany describe everyday life and family experiences.

FLEMING, MARY LOU ROBSON.  Research notes about Jacob Schnee, 1807–1984.  SC 1951.  4 folders.  No collection guide available.  Fleming was Schnee’s great-granddaughter.

FOERSTER, CHARLES.  Papers.  SC 0584.  4 folders.  No collection guide available.  Native German, manager of German Literary Bureau, Democratic Party politician and Consul General to Calcutta.  Contains citizenship papers, biographical news clippings, and material regarding German Literary Bureau.

FOLK, CHRISTIAN.  Letter. 28 July 1849.  SC 2225.  Photocopy.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Folk was born in Württemberg, Germany, and settled in Clinton County.  Letter to Folk is from immigrant group in Wheeling, West Virginia, asking him to come and pick up his sister whom he had asked to come to U.S.  In German with English translation.

FRAUER, HERMANN E.  Apothecary Records, 1875–1901.  SC 2373.  3 folders.  Collection guide online.  Born in Germany, Frauer came to Indianapolis with his father in 1855.  In 1869 the senior Frauer took over an apothecary shop founded by Charles Roesch; Herman Frauer took over the business in 1876.  The apothecary was still operating in 1905 on East Washington Street in Indianapolis. The collection contains two notebook formularies and two folders of loose apothecary formulae.  Many of the formulae are in German, with the remainder in English and Latin and most items are undated.

FRIED, FREDERICK G.  Civil War Memoir, 1862–1865.  SC 2034.  Photocopy of typewritten memoir.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Born in Württemberg, Germany, Fried immigrated to America in 1854 and settled in Noble County, Indiana.  He served in 74th Indiana Regiment during the Civil War.

GEHRING, BEATUS.  Papers, 1850s–1860s.  SC 2017.  Photocopy.  2 folders.  No collection guide available.  Born in Baden, Germany, immigrated to Oldenburg, Indiana.  Gehring’s soldier’s question and answer book from Badish Army.  Discusses the role of the military in society.  Also, account of Oldenburg, Indiana brick yard.  In German.

GERMAN AMERICAN BOATING CLUB (Indianapolis, Ind).  Letter and Title Receipt, 1938.  SC 1936.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Letter and title receipt, 1938, 2 items.

GLOESSLEIN, GEORGE MICHAEL.  Papers, 1839–1850.  SC 0630, F 0205.  2 folders, 1 reel of microfilm.  Collection guide in library.  German native who settled in Jackson and Lawrence counties.  Nine letters from relatives in Germany.  Typed transcripts and translations.

HELLEKSON, RUTH.  Scrapbooks.  BV 0575–0576.  2 bound volumes.  No collection guide available.  Contains copy of 1908 Saengerfest Program, Indianapolis.

HEURING, FREDERICK A.  Papers, 1861–1907 (bulk, 1861–1864).  M 0590, F 1290.  1 box, 1 reel of microfilm.  Collection guide online.  Born in Germany, Heuring was living in Rockport, Ind., by 1861.  He enlisted with the 25th Indiana Regiment during the Civil War as a chaplain, and served mainly in Missouri and Arkansas.  Thirty years later, he seems to have been living in Oklahoma, and died sometime after 1907.

The collection contains a journal (1861–1864), discharge and G.A.R. papers, and clippings.  The journal, kept during Heuring's Civil War service, deals with his duties as chaplain and his concerns about getting wounded soldiers home to recuperate instead of sending them to military hospitals.  The journal, kept on a day-to-day basis, also gives Heuring's personal feelings on a number of military topics.

HOFERER, MARTIN.  Letter, 25 August 1875. SC 0766.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Letter from Hoferer in Ripley County to Mr. Muller.  Contains agriculture related news.  In German with transcription and translation.

HOFMANN, WILLIAM.  Papers, 1840–1888.  SC 1995.  3 folders.  Collection guide in library.  Native of Kaiserlauten, Rhinepfalz, came to U.S. in 1850 and settled in Posey County, Indiana.  Hoffman was a farmer and also operated a brewery.  Collection contains letters to parents describing voyage across the Atlantic, life in America, and family information.  In German with English translation.

HOTZ, JOSEPH.  Civil War Letters, 1861–1865.  M 0710, F 0079.  1 box, 1 reel of microfilm.  Collection guide online.  Joseph Hotz (1832–65) was born near Kinsing (Kinzig) Baden, Germany, and immigrated to Seymour, Jackson County, Indiana, where he was a farmer.  On 31 October 1861, he enlisted in Company A of the 50th Indiana Regiment.  Hotz was transferred to the 50th Reserved Battalion, Company E, on 2 March 1864 and was killed at Spanish Fort, Alabama, on 28 March 1865.  Hotz had a wife named Maria and daughter named Karolina.

The collection is comprised of 25 letters written in German by Joseph Hotz while he served with the 50th Indiana Regiment to his wife, Maria, November 1861–February 1865.  These letters apparently are part of a larger collection of original letters.  Also included in the collection are two sets of typed translations.  The first set contains transcriptions and translations of 112 letters from Hotz to his wife.  Written while serving as a private in the 50th Indiana, the letters were written from Bedford, Ind., Kentucky, Tennessee, Camp Morton (Indianapolis), Arkansas, Louisiana, and Alabama, November 1861–March 1865.  Hotz writes of his loneliness and is often disappointed with his wife's lack of comfort and support.  He also inquires about friends and family at home, the health of his daughter, and gives financial instructions regarding the running of the family farm as well as relating the regiment's engagements and the death of friends.  Also included are translations of three letters to Mrs. Hotz from Corporal V. Wicker of the 50th Indiana, Company E, in Mobile, Alabama.  Wicker discusses Hotz's death and his financial accounts with soldiers in the company.

The collection also contains a reel of microfilm of approximately 108 of Hotz's letters to his wife in German and a printed copy of a second set of typed translations of these letters.

IGLEHART, JOHN E.  Letter.  M 0153.  9 boxes.  Collection guide in library.  Letter to Richard Barthold, St. Louis, 22 September 1916, expressing gratitude for his support of German-American rights.

INDIANA CIRCUIT COURT (MARION COUNTY).  Records, 1821–1868.  M 0553.  4 boxes.  Collection guide in library.  Includes suits and documents with naturalization, mainly German and Irish.

INDIANAPOLIS GERMAN FREETHINKER SOCIETY.  Translation of Minutes, 1870–1890.  SC 2060.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Translation of Minutes, 1870–90.  Photocopy.  Freethinkers were members of a religious rationalist organization that attacked Biblical infallibility and advocated natural religion based on man’s moral freedom.

JACOB SCHNEE.  Biography, 1784–1938.  By Mary Lou Robson Fleming.  SC 2052.  150 pages.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Schnee was a Lutheran Minister, utopian community pioneer, publisher, and one of the earliest German printers in America.  Founded communities in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and leased 800 acres of land east of New Harmony, Indiana, in 1827.

JOHN GUEDELHOEFER WAGON COMPANY (Indianapolis, Ind.).  Records, 1925–1935.  M 0122.  2 boxes.  Collection guide in library.  German immigrant who founded and built wagons and similar vehicles in Indianapolis.

KATTERHENRY, CHRISTINA.  Letter, 25 November 1861.  SC 0896.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Huntingburg, Ind., in German with typed translation.  Letter contains lengthy comments about Civil War.

KOLYER, SILVIA.  Art History term paper.  SC 0933.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  On German contribution to Indianapolis architecture.

LANGE, ALBERT.  Autobiographical Letter, 25 March 1858.  SC 0955.  Photostat.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Description of early life and coming to America from Germany in 1830 after five years of imprisonment for treason.

LAW, WILLIAM H. and JOHN.  Papers.  SC 0963.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Contains letter of 5 November 1838 from J. B. McCall to John Law.  Concerns hiring of immigrants to work on Wabash and Erie Canal through Lamasco.

LIEBER, META.  Papers, 1896–1922.  M 0183.  2 boxes.  Collection guide in library.  Contains printed items such as programs from plays, concerts, etc., including many from German-related organizations and events.

MAYER, CHARLES.  Papers, 1838–1895.  SC 1055.  29 letters, typed transcripts.  5 folders.  Collection guide in library.  Tells of voyage to U.S. from Germany, coming to Indianapolis and going into business.

MEGGANHOFFEN, CHARLES WILLIAM.  Genealogy Notebook, ca. 1900–1975.  SC 2021.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Chilicothe, Ohio, native, father born in Frankfort, Germany; lived in Lafayette, Ind., and Indianapolis.  Worked on Monon Railroad.

ORNDORFF, JAMES.  Marriage License, 2 June 1880.  OM 0184.  1 oversize folder.  No collection guide available.  In German.

PEPPERTOWN, INDIANA.  Cemetery Records, 1986.  SC 2139.  Photocopy.  4 folders.  No collection guide available.  Includes German Lutheran Cemetery records and burial records of German immigrants.  Compiled by Helen Moore.

PLEASANT RUN CHILDREN'S HOME (Indianapolis, Ind.).  1867–1987.  M 0227, OMB 0016, BV 1700–1708, BV 1884–1885, BV 1920–1922.  6 boxes, 14 bound volumes, 2 oversize boxes.  Collection guide Online.  The Deutschen Allgemeinen Protestantischen Waisenvereins was founded in 1867 as an orphanage by a German American fraternal organization.  In 1918 the association changed its official language from German to English and its name to the General Protestant Orphan Association.  In the 1960s neglected and pre-delinquent children became the focus of the home.  The name was changed to the Pleasant Run Children's Home in 1971.  In the 1980s the focus changed to a group home setting.  By 1993 there were five group homes serving children who were mostly wards of the court.  Most records before 1918 are in German.

The collection contains minutes of the board (1867–1985); historical and financial records; histories of the home; superintendent reports; tax reports and audits; records of the ladies' auxiliary (1902–1918); and records of children in the home (1873–1952). There are also three 1948 photographs, and two bronze plaques are stored in the Artifacts collection.

RAPP, FREDERICK.  Papers, 1816–1827. SC 2441.  2 folders.  Collection guide online.  Frederick Rapp was the adopted son of George Rapp, and founder of the Harmony Society which left Germany in 1803 and settled in Pennsylvania before moving to 20,000 acres in southwest Indiana in 1814.  He served as the society's leader and spokesman, was a delegate to the 1816 Indiana Constitutional Convention, and was a member of the 1820 commission to locate a new state capital.

The collection consists mostly of letters written to Rapp from Shawneetown and Edwardsville, Ill., and Vincennes, Ind.  Many are introductions for individuals visiting or passing through New Harmony.  There is also an invoice of goods received, a cash account, and letters regarding financial matters.  Two letters are in German script.

RAUH, SAMUEL E. and CHARLES S.  Papers, 1900–1948.  M 0406.  2 boxes.  Collection guide online.  Samuel E. Rauh immigrated from Germany to Dayton, Ohio, as a child.  After working in the family business there, he moved to Indianapolis in 1874 and ran a number of businesses in the areas of tanning, fertilizer production, meat packing, railroads, stockyards, banking, realty, and public utilities.  His son Charles S. joined him in business and succeeded him upon his death.

The collection includes personal and business correspondence and documents dealing with family businesses in Indianapolis and Dayton.  Businesses include the Indianapolis Belt Railroad and Stock Yards Company, E. Rauh & Sons, Rauh Realty Company, Bedford Stone and Construction Company, Kahn Tailoring Company, Peoples Light and Heat Company, and the family’s hide business.  Family papers contain correspondence, estate documents for Samuel Rauh's brothers, home finances, Charles Rauh's Christmas cards, clippings, and cards from his wallet, insurance documents, and materials concerning donations to Jewish charities.

REICHMANN, EBERHARD.  Papers, 1910–1988 (bulk, 1910–1928).  M 0438.  1 box.  Collection guide online.  Born in Germany, Reichmann immigrated to the U.S. in 1953, took a doctorate in languages, and taught German Studies at Indiana University from 1959–1989.  He is the author of numerous books and articles on German immigration and Indiana German Americana.

The collection contains musical and theatrical programs from Indianapolis theaters and other locations in Indiana and other states from the 1910s to the 1920s collected by Reichmann.  Most of the programs are from the Murat Theatre and English's Opera House, both in Indianapolis.  Also included are programs from the Walther League Convention, a Lutheran singing society, 1916–1921.  Many items deal with productions by German composers or German Americana.  About twenty percent of the collection is in German.

SAHM, LOUIS.  Diary, 1856–1858. SC 2341.  1 folder.  Collection guide online.  Born Ludwig Sahm in Germany, Louis immigrated with his wife to Texas in 1844; they moved to Indianapolis ca. 1848.  Sahm assisted in the construction of Union Station and owned a grocery store from 1862 until his death.  He also helped organize the first German Reformed Church in Indianapolis.

The collection consists of a personal diary written in Indianapolis from 9 October 1856 to 1 January 1858.  The entire volume is in German.

SAINT PETER'S GERMAN REFORMED CHURCH (SAINT PETER, INDIANA).  Records, 1860–1926.  SC 2010.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Photocopy of records, 1860–1926.

SALEM EVANGELICAL CHURCH REGISTER, 1869–1950.  M 0341.  Photostats.  1 box.  No collection guide available.  Wanatah, LaPorte County.  Mostly in German.

SCHLIEMANN, HEINRICH.  Papers, 1869–1960 (bulk 1869–1870).  M 0378.  Photostats.  1 box.  Collection guide online.  Born in Germany, Schliemann lived in several European countries and made his fortune working in international commerce and the export business.  Schliemann had no formal training in archaeology, but is best remembered for his excavations of Troy.  In 1852 he married a Russian woman, Catherina Lishin, who later refused to leave St. Petersburg or to allow their three children to leave, to travel with Schliemann on business or archaeological pursuits.  In 1869 he decided to divorce his wife, and moved to Indianapolis to take advantage of Indiana's lax divorce laws.

The collection contains photostats of Schliemann's letters in English, German, Greek, French, and Russian, 1869–1870, written while he was in Indianapolis, and translations and notes made ca. 1950–1960.  The letters deal with business matters and the progress of Schliemann's divorce.

SCHRAMM FAMILY PAPERS, 1842–1930 (bulk 1851–1911).  M 0248, BV 1736–1738, BV 2107–2108, F 0286–0292.  5 boxes, 5 bound volumes, 7 reels of microfilm.  Collection guide online.  Jacob Schramm came to the United States from Germany in 1835 and settled on a farm in Sugar Creek Township, Hancock County, Ind., in 1836.  His son, Wilhelm August Schramm, farmed and was an insurance agent in Hancock and Marion counties, Ind.

The collection contains August Schramm's diaries (1851–1908); the early volumes are in German and the remainder are in English.  Topics include family, farming, social life, travel, politics, business conditions, and the German community in central Indiana.  Also included are farm cashbooks in German kept by August and Gustav Schramm; Anna Schramm's writing book; correspondence; a draft of An Account of the Journey of Jacob Schramm, translated by Emma Vonnegut; and The Life of Jacob Schramm, handwritten in German by August Schramm, with an English translation.

SHAMBAUGH, ADAM.  "Early Days on the Wabash River, Indiana."  SC 2152.  Photostats.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Contains chapter on many United Brethren preachers active in Indiana.

SPEYER, HANSWERNER.  Papers, 1920–1956.  M 0534.  3 boxes.  Collection guide online.  A native of Freiberg, Germany, Speyer immigrated to the U.S. in 1921.  Trained in mechanical engineering, he worked as a toolmaker for several companies, including the Ford Motor Company in Detroit (ca. 1923–1928).  Speyer came to Indianapolis as a representative of the Dual Duty Company, a truck transport firm, and in 1931 acquired his own trucking business. Initially called Contract Carriers, Inc., the company went through several name changes including: Transportation Fuel and Supplies, Inc.; Cincinnati, Eastern Indiana, and Indianapolis Motor Express Company; and the AAA Transportation, Inc. Company.  The operation continued into the 1950s.

The collection contains Speyer's correspondence, business records, literary articles and translations.  Personal correspondence is from family and friends in Germany (Freiberg, Berlin, and Freital) and Forbach, France.  Topics include family news and general conditions in Germany and France from 1920 until after World War II.  There is also correspondence from family and friends in the U.S., including requests to help relatives in Germany obtain visas and advice to new immigrants.  Also included is correspondence to U.S. officials concerning developments in post World War II Germany and efforts to locate his sister.  Speyer's business and financial papers include records from his trucking business; a legal suit against the Indiana Public Service Commission; and charges regarding the sale of coal below minimum price.  Other items include his patent drawings. and his literary writings and translations for magazines. Most of the collection is in German, including some correspondence in Fraktur.

STEIN, THEODORE.  SC 1404.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Clothing Account of German Co. A, 60th Indiana Regiment, 20 December 1862.

VEREIN BAVARIA (INDIANAPOLIS, IND.).  Minutes, 1888–1950.  BV 2249–2250.  2 bound volumes.  No collection guide available.

VONNEGUT, CLEMENS.  Account Books, 1859–1864.  BV 0387–0388.  2 bound volumes.  No collection guide available.  Native of Münster, Prussia, immigrated to Indianapolis where he founded a hardware business.

WANDERBUCH für HEINRICK BREIDENBACH.  Papiermacher, 1828–1837.  SC 0130.  Photocopy.  1 folder.  Collection guide in library.  Traveling journeyman’s book. Born in Germany and lived in Orange and Dubois counties, Indiana.  In addition to book, collection also contains naturalization certificate and marriage record.

WEBER, GOTTFRIED.  Autobiography, 1877.  SC 2290.  Photocopy.  2 folders.  No collection guide available.  Born in Hanover, Germany, and worked on the canal in Ohio and Indiana.

WILLIAMS, MARY DEAN.  Papers, 1850–1986.  M 0460, OM 0181.  1 box, 1 oversize folder.  Collection guide online.  Williams, born Mary Dean Whitmer, was born in Shelby County, Ind.  She worked in Indianapolis and married businessman Russell Williams in 1925.

The collection contains family correspondence, diary and letter excerpts, a scrapbook, memoirs, a list of heirlooms, and a birth certificate.  The 1850 birth certificate is of Maria Louisa Witmer, Shelby County, Ind., and is in German.  The scrapbook contains clippings of a newspaper series about Indianapolis from 1836–1936.  The correspondence is between Williams and Whitmer family members, 1922–1943.  There are also photocopies of diary and letter excerpts of Williams and her female relatives (1901–1928), Williams' memoirs, and an heirloom record.

ZUR OEVESTE, JOHANN HEINRICH.  Papers, 1834–1939.  SC 2042, OM 0188.  Photocopies.  2 folders, 2 oversize folders.  No collection guide available.  Farmer in Bartholomew County, Indiana and in Kansas.

COUNTIES-VANDERBURGH-EVANSVILLE.  M 0075.  1 box.  No collection guide available.  Medical record book with illnesses and treatments.  Partially in German.

GREEKS

REGENOLD, MICHAEL.  SC 1881.  “An Analysis of the Development of the Midtown Community By An Urban Campus.”  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  IUPUI term paper, 1982.

HUNGARIANS

REGENOLD, MICHAEL.  SC 1881.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  “An Analysis of the Development of a Midtown Community by an Urban Campus.”  IUPUI term paper, 1982.

IRISH

Ancestors and Descendants of John Walker by Charles M. Andrews.  F 0369.  1 reel of microfilm.  No collection guide available.  Family from Ulster County, Ireland, who came to Lancaster, Penn., and moved to Indiana.

BAIRD, EMILY J. Letter, 21 June 1859.  SC 2410.  1 folder.  Collection guide online.  The collection contains a letter from Baird in Cloverdale, Indiana to William J. Koons, Bethel, Kentucky.  Topics include Baird's garden and farm, visitors, bigotry, and the intermarriage of Dutch and Irish.

CALDWELL, DAVID.  Letters, 1835–1838.  SC 2099.  Typescript copies.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Two letters from David and Alexander Caldwell in Wheeling, Va. (now West Virginia), to parents in Ireland.

CAVEN, JOHN.  SC 0184.  1 folder.  Collection guide in library.  Speech on the Irish and Ireland.

ERSKINE, ANDREW.  Letters.  SC 0552.  Photocopies.  1 folder.  Collection guide in library.  John Molyneux, Henderson, Ky., 29 December 1823, tells of news of relatives in Ireland; letter of Amelia Fox McCutchan, Johnston County, Longford, Ireland, to Charles Johnstone near Evansville, 29 March 1824, lists troubles in Ireland and desire to come to America.

HAMILTON, ALLEN.  Family and Legal Papers, 1814–1924.  M 0608.  15 boxes.  Collection guide online.  An Irish immigrant and resident of Fort Wayne, Indiana, Allen Hamilton was a banker, Indian agent, and local developer.  He held various positions in the city's government and established a business with Cyrus Taber based on Indian trade.  He later served on Indian treaty commissions, and served one term in the Indiana state senate.

The collection contains legal papers, title papers, correspondence, property assessment lists, land papers and deeds, Miami Indian treaties, an autograph book, and a ledger.  The legal papers (1828–1924) comprise half of the collection and are concerned with land grants.  Title papers belong to Allen Hamilton and Cyrus, Phoebe, and Charlotte A. Taber.  Correspondence between Hamilton and John Tipton deals with treaties with the Miami Indians and efforts to profit personally from the treaties.  William Marshall is often referred to in these letters as a negative influence.  Also included are Tipton's estate papers, business and estate papers of Hamilton, and George C. and Stephen C. Taber.  A ledger of lots in Rochester, Ind., and an autograph album are also included.

HEWITT, JOSEPH.  Letters, 1851–1872.  SC 0745.  Typed transcripts.  5 folders.  No collection guide available.  Letters from Franklin County, Indiana, to Hewitt’s father in Ireland.

HOLLOWAY, WILLIAM R.  M0145.  11 boxes.  Collection guide online.  1881 petition of Irish Republican Club, Indianapolis, recommending W. R. Holloway for reappointment as Indianapolis Postmaster.

INDIANA CIRCUIT COURT.  Records (Marion County), 1821–1868.  M0553.  4 boxes.  Collection guide in library.  Includes suits and documents with naturalization, mainly Irish and German.

KIDD FAMILY.  Papers, 1815–1887.  M 0487.  Photocopies.  1 box.  Collection guide online.  The Kidd family originated in Ireland.  Samuel Kidd was born in County Armagh in 1782; he immigrated to the United States by 1808 and married Pamela A. Sampson in Baltimore, Maryland.  They had three sons: James Hargrave, b. 1808; Samuel Cummings, b. 1813; and George Hugh, b. 1815.  George moved to Texas and served in the army; he died of yellow fever in 1844.  Samuel married Sarah Chauncey in Madison, Ind. in 1839.  They had three sons; only one, John Dorsey (b. 1845) survived past age 6.  In 1849, the family moved to Brewersville, Jennings County, Ind.  When the Civil War began, Samuel Cummings and his son John enlisted.  Samuel served with the 137th Indiana Volunteers and John with the 120th. Samuel Cummings he was discharged in September 1864 due to ill health (he was 51 when he enlisted). After the war, John returned to Jennings County and married. He served as township treasurer and assessor for a number of years, his last term ending in 1890.

The collection consists of correspondence, business papers, documents, contracts, genealogical materials, and correspondence of three generations of the Kidd family.  The earliest items are letters of Samuel Kidd dealing with property in Ireland (1815–1838).  The letters of George Hugh Kidd, 1837–1844, discuss the situation between Mexico and Texas, and two letters from his widow to Samuel Kidd.  The largest portion of the collection contains the letters of John Dorsey Kidd to his parents during the Civil War.  The letters detail his experiences as his company traveled through Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia.  Letters to Samuel Kidd, Sr., come from family members in Kentucky, Texas, Ohio, and Indiana.  Also included in the collection, a folder of various documents and a folder of genealogical information and miscellaneous correspondence.

KNOX, WILLIAM.  Letter, 18 February 1792.  SC 0932.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Letter to H. Remsen from Dublin, Ireland, informing of public news–the Catholic business is the only subject of importance in agitation.

MCCLELLAND, BEATTIE.  Papers, 1835–1867. SC 2387, OM 0305. 2 folders, 1 oversize folder.  Collection guide online.  McClelland was born in Ireland and came to America in 1827.  He settled first in Pennsylvania, then in 1839, he moved to Winchester, Indiana, and finally in Columbus, Indiana in 1852.  A lawyer by training, McClelland held many posts and positions, including director of the State Bank of Indiana, a commissioner of the Sinking Fund, and a judgeship.

The collection contains official papers, including documents, deeds, commissions, and licenses for McClelland.  Included are his naturalization papers; commissions as deputy attorney general, judge, colonel, justice of the peace, and commissioner of the Sinking Fund; law and teaching licenses; and deeds.

RYAN, JOHN.  Military and Pension Records, 1861–1905.  SC 2019.  Photocopies.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Born in Kelly County, Kilenoy, Ireland. Immigrated to Richmond and served in 36th Indiana Regiment during the Civil War, and died of typhus in 1862.  Collection contains Ryan’s military records and pension records filed by his wife, Sarah Ryan.

ITALIANS

BOVA CONTI, JOHN.  Account Book, 1924–1927.  BV 2180.  1 bound volume.  No collection guide available.  Sicilian native who came to the United States and operated an Italian grocery store in Indianapolis.

BUENNAGEL, FREDA.  Correspondence, 1924–1964.  SC 2002.  36 items.  3 folders.  No collection guide available.  Housekeeper for Monsignor Marino Priori of Holy Rosary, Indianapolis.  Contains cards and notes thanking her for her charitable donations in Italy.

GIOSCIO, GIOVANNI.  Account Books, 1892–1923.  F 0635.  1 reel of microfilm.  No collection guide available.  Italian Fresco painter located in Indianapolis. In Italian and English.

LOGGIA COLONIA ITALIANA.  Wayne County, no. 933.  Record books, 1919–1950. BV 2044–2047.  4 bound volumes.  No collection guide available.  Meeting minutes, dues, etc.  In Italian until January 1942.

MONTANI, GAETANO.  Family Papers, 1883–1988.  M 0377, BV 2219–2235, BV 2541–2542, OM 0236.  10 boxes, 19 bound volumes, 1 oversize folder.  Collection guide online.  The Montani family immigrated to the U.S. from Italy in 1878 and moved to Indianapolis in 1881.  Gaetano (Guy) Montani worked in the family businesses (grocery stores and an orchestra) and was a violinist with the Indianapolis Symphony.

The collection contains family and business correspondence and records of the family businesses.  Correspondence includes letters to Gaetano (Guy) Montani, World War II letters from brother Anthony (Tony), and service letters from the 1920s and 1930s from John Yacopino while he served in the navy.  There are also letters in Italian to family members in Indianapolis dating from 1883 to 1926.  The financial records of Montani and Co. grocery (1880s–1977), including ledgers, invoices, receipts, correspondence, and import records, and records of the Montani Brothers orchestra (1884–1957), including engagement books, programs, correspondence, and materials from the Indianapolis Protective Musicians Union Local #3 are all part of the collection.

PRIORI, MARINO.  Correspondence, 1922–1939.  OMB 0029.  1 oversize box.  No collection guide available.  Born in Montefalcene, Italy and ordained a priest in Rome in 1901, Priori immigrated to the United States in 1909 and founded Holy Rosary Catholic Church in Indianapolis.  Collection includes letters to Priori from various cardinals and Catholic Church officials, many in Rome.

VIGO, FRANCIS.  Papers, 1751–1873 (bulk 1785–1820).  M 0289, OM 0060, F 0655–0657.  3 boxes, 1 oversize folder, 3 reels of microfilm.  Collection guide online.  Born in Mondovi, Italy, Vigo served with the Spanish Army in New Orleans.  In 1772 he became a fur trader in St. Louis and later had a secret business partnership with the Spanish lieutenant Fernando de Leyba, and aided George Rogers Clark with financial assistance and intelligence.  In 1783 Vigo moved to Vincennes, Ind., continued in the fur trade, and assisted Anthony Wayne and William Henry Harrison in negotiations with Native Americans.

The collection contains Vigo's business and personal papers.  Topics include the fur trade at Vincennes, Fort Wayne, Detroit, and Montreal; John Askin and the Miami Company; business dealings with the Piankeshaw and other Native Americans; land transactions at Vincennes, including lands donated by Congress to the original French settlers; Vigo's work on behalf of Anthony Wayne and William Henry Harrison; and his efforts to collect repayment from Congress for loans to George Rogers Clark during the American Revolution.  Also included is the inventory of Fernando de Leyba's estate, 1780.

JEWS

BAUM, BERNARD.  SC 1745.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Typed transcript.  "Recollections of Bernard Baum," written in 1903.  Baum came to America from Germany in 1852, and was a merchant in Cincinnati, Northern Kentucky, and Evansville.

BEARD, MILDRED PAULINE.  BV 2013.  1 bound volume.  Part of Family Service Association Collection, M 0102.  27 boxes, 1 oversize folder, 3 folders photographs.  Collection guide online.  The Needs and Services Available to the Aged in Indianapolis and Marion County as Indicated by a Study of Selected Voluntary Agencies in Indianapolis. Indiana University Thesis, 1955.

B’NAI B’RITH.  ABRAHAM LODGE No. 58 (Indianapolis, Ind.).  Records, 1923–1944.  M 0362.  3 boxes.  Collection guide in library.  The B'nai B'rith was founded in New York in 1843 with the purposes of intensifying and raising the level of Jewish community life.  As a fraternal organization, its interests are cultural, philanthropic, political and social.  The name means "Sons of the Covenant."  The B'nai B'rith Abraham Lodge No. 58 was founded in Indianapolis in 1864; the Esther Lodge No. 323 was established in the 1880s.  The two groups merged in 1907–1908 to form the Indianapolis Lodge.  The Women's Auxiliary Lodge began in 1940.  Of all the local Jewish organizations established during the 1860s and 1870s, only the B'nai B'rith remains active today.

The collection is comprised of minutes dating from 1923 to 1944, originally filed in seven notebooks.  The minutes include records of regular and executive meetings, budgets, financial reports, officer lists, committee lists, new member lists, presidential reports, correspondence, and by-law amendments.  Topics include the A.Z.A., the Hillel Foundation, the Americanization and employment of refugees, gifts to charitable organizations, social service activities, an anti-Klan program, and the organization's fight against anti-Semitism.  The records prior to 1926 are incomplete.  The minutes for the remaining years are fairly complete although some are more detailed that others depending upon the secretary in office.

CONGREGATION EZRAS ACHIM (Indianapolis, Ind.).  Minute Book, 1936–1961.  BV 1975–1976.  2 bound volumes.  No collection guide available.  Minutes and membership record of southside Indianapolis temple.

FLECK, HENRY.  LETTERS, 1941–1945.  M 0765.  3 boxes.  Collection guide online.  Henry Fleck (1915–1981) was an attorney in Marion, Grant County, Ind.  He enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps in 1942.  Fleck served in Europe as a radio operator, and was in charge of the cryptographic section of the 8th TAC Air Command Squadron.  In 1945 he was transferred to the Command Judge Advocate Office of Headquarter Squadron IX TAC. After the war he returned to his law practice in Marion, marrying in 1948.

The collection consists of approximately 485 letters primarily written by Henry Fleck to his parents in Marion, Ind., during World War II.  The letters discuss Fleck's personal life, attitudes toward the army, and religious faith.  Other subjects include the liberation of Paris in June 1944, and conditions in the Nazi Extermination Camp at Buchenwald.  Letters to other relatives discuss military duties and routines.

FREEMAN, JULIAN.  Collection, 1918–1978.  M 0356.  2 boxes.  No collection guide available.  A scrapbook, programs, reports, and other materials related to the history of the Indianapolis Jewish Community.

INDIANA JEWISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY.  COLLECTION, 1845–1998.  M 0743, OMB 0082, BV 3326–3376, F 1309–1349, CT 0902–0931.  140 boxes, 2 oversize boxes, 50 bound volumes, 41 reels of microfilm, 30 audiocassettes, 2 video recordings.  Collection guide online.  Founded in 1972, the Indiana Jewish Historical Society gathers and preserves the records of religious organizations and service groups, and the personal papers of individuals and families.  A goal of the society is to make this information available to researchers, thus helping to provide an awareness of the contribution of Jews and the Jewish communities to the religious climate of Indiana.

The collection includes records from Jewish communities in Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, and Indiana cities and towns.  The Fort Wayne material includes records and publications of congregations including Congregation B'nai Jacob and Congregation Acduth Vesholom.  Other Fort Wayne groups represented include the Jewish Federation of Fort Wayne, Haddasah and ORT.  Indianapolis items include records, minutes, and correspondence of several congregations and organizations including Sharah Tefilla, Congregation B'nai Torah, and the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation.  Other Indianapolis organizations represented include the National Council of Jewish Women, the Jewish Welfare Federation, the Indianapolis Board of Rabbis, and the Jewish Community Center.  Material from other cities includes records and genealogical material from organizations in a number of centers, including Columbia City, Evansville, Gary, Hammond, Lafayette, Marion, Muncie, South Bend, Terre Haute, and Wabash. Records for state organizations include the papers of B'nai Brith, the Indiana Jewish Historical Society, and Temple Sisterhoods.

JEWISH COMMUNITY CENTER.  Records.  M 0349.  3 boxes.  No collection guide available.

JEWISH WELFARE FEDERATION OF INDIANAPOLIS.  Records, 1903–.  M 0463, OMB 0013, CT 0568–0571.  363 boxes, 1 oversize box, 4 audiocassettes.  Collection guide online.  Established in 1905 to centralize fund raising and allocate funds to support local and national Jewish organizations.  Collection consists of records, correspondence, and printed materials of the Jewish Welfare Federation and its member organizations.

Records, correspondence, and printed materials of the Jewish Welfare Federation and member and predecessor organizations, including the Jewish Community Relations Council; also immigrant case files and other records of the Industrial Removal Office in Indianapolis (restricted); the Jewish Federation's transient files (restricted); records regarding national Jewish organizations; and materials on the Federation's member organizations. Also scrapbooks, photographs, and artifacts.

Founded in 1905 as the Jewish Federation to centralize local and national fund raising and to provide assistance to the poor in Jewish immigrant communities. In the 1920s interests shifted to Jewish community projects; Jewish Welfare Fund established in 1926; combined in 1948 with the Jewish Federation to form the Jewish Welfare Federation, which raises funds for national and Federation local member organizations. Also affiliated is the Jewish Community Relations Council of Indianapolis, involved in civil rights for Jews and non-Jews.

NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CHRISTIANS AND JEWS.  Indiana Region Records, 1962–1980.  M 0360.  13 boxes.  Collection guide in library.  The National Conference of Christians and Jews was founded in 1928, to bring together "individuals from all religious groups who, without compromise of conscience or of their distinctive religious differences, work together for human relations."  National headquarters, with a staff of 200, are on Fifth Avenue in New York.  There are also 75 regional organizations. The NCCJ has programs for adults and youth in community relations, the administration of justice, education, inter-creedal relations, and equal opportunity for employment.  The programs include workshops, training programs, sponsorship of Brotherhood/Sisterhood Week, awards, and a quarterly newsletter. The Indiana regional organization of NCCJ, in existence since at least 1955, operates with a part-time staff which frequently changes.  There is a board of about twenty-five members

This collection consists of minutes, correspondence, circulars, and programs from the period 1962–1980.  It is arranged by organization and function, and chronologically within these categories. The bulk of the collection contains records of the Indiana regional office of NCCJ, from 1964 to 1980 with heavy emphasis on the years 1977–1979.  Board minutes run from 1969 to 1980.  Other materials includes correspondence from 1978–1979; monthly program reports for the years 1964–1977; and papers from individual conferences and dialogues that give a complete account of the membership.

RAUH, SAMUEL E. and CHARLES S. Papers, 1900–1948.  M 0406.  2 boxes.  Collection guide online.  Samuel Rauh was a German Jewish immigrant and Indianapolis businessman engaged in the stockyards, railroads, and banking.

Personal and business correspondence and documents dealing with family businesses in Indianapolis and Dayton. Businesses include the Indianapolis Belt Railroad and Stock Yards Company, E. Rauh & Sons, Rauh Realty Company, Bedford Stone and Construction Company, Kahn Tailoring Company, Peoples Light and Heat Company, and the family hide business. Family papers contain correspondence; estate documents for Samuel Rauh's brothers; home finances; Charles Rauh's Christmas cards, clippings, and cards from his wallet; insurance documents; and materials concerning donations to Jewish charities.

Rauh emigrated from Germany to Dayton, Ohio as a child. After working in the family business there, he moved to Indianapolis in 1874 and ran a number of businesses in the areas of tanning, fertilizer production, meat packing, railroads, stockyards, banking, realty, and public utilities. His son Charles S. joined him in business and succeeded him upon his death.

WORKMEN’S CIRCLE.  Indianapolis Branch 175, Minute Book, 1918–1926.  BV 1974.  1 bound volume.  No collection guide available.  Indianapolis branch of national Jewish radical organization.  In Yiddish.

POLES

CHOPIN FINE ARTS CLUB.  South Bend, Indiana, Records, 1963–1981.  SC 2040.  5 folders.  No collection guide available.  Contains progams, printed materials, and promotional items for the study of Polish arts, music, and literature.

RUSSIANS

KOCHEN, BESSIE.  Passport, 1911.  SC 2460.  1 folder.  Collection guide online.  Kochen was born in Bosha Chiena, Batchinskaya [Batashoff?] and came to United States in 1911. The collection consists of a Russian passport (in Russian) with stamps indicating that the bearer traveled to the United States in March and April 1911.

SCOTS

LOCKERBIE, GEORGE.  SC 0979.  2 folders.  Collection guide in library.  Correspondence with his daughter and granddaughter, 1830–1838.  Lockerbie was a Scot.

 

SWISS

BADOLLET, JOHN. Papers, 1768–1901. F 0032.  1 reel of microfilm.  No collection guide available.  Born in Switzerland. Collection includes three letters of L. Gex Obussier, 1836–37.

DUFOUR, JOHN JAMES et al.  SC 1687.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Covenant d’association pour l’etablissement des terres de Suisserland fur le fleuve de l’Ohio.. 20 January 1803.  Document outlines the establishment of a colony of Swiss vintners in what became Switzerland County, Indiana.  Translation printed in IHS Publications, vol. 13.

GAY, R. HENRY.  SC 0617.  1 folder.  No collection guide available.  Two letters of Gay, Cannelton, Indiana, 23 December 1857 and 9 January 1858.  The Swiss Colonization Society is settling here, buying land.  Gives description of land and location.

GEX OBUSSIER, LOUIS.  Papers, 1804–1842.  SC 0620.  4 folders.  No collection guide available.  Letters and bills of sale from merchants in Pittsburgh to Gex Obussier in Vevay, New Switzerland, Indiana.

HIRSHBRUNNER, JOHN CASPAR.  Autobiography, 1900–1997.  SC 1666.  1 folder.  Collection guide online.  A native of Berne, Switzerland, Hirshbrunner worked as a journeyman tanner until he immigrated to New York in 1851.  In 1853 he married and moved to Indianapolis.  The family moved to Terre Haute, Ind. in 1856, then to Parke County in 1859, settling in Lusk Springs and then Rockville.

The collection contains a photocopied 16-page typescript of Hirshbrunner's 1900 autobiography, and a 1997 edited and bound version of the typescript, including photocopies of family photographs.  There are also two pages of notes by Hirshbrunner's great-granddaughter, Melita J. Campbell.  Topics include Hirshbrunner's childhood and youth in Switzerland; his years as a journeyman tanner; his immigration to the U.S.; and life in Indiana.

MARTIN, JACQUES.  M 0345.  1 box.  No collection guide available.  Translation of the book, Le Rendex-vous Americàin, Correspondence et Journal Inédits de Jacque Martin, 1853–1868Swiss immigrant who owned a ferry in Spencer County, Indiana, and served in 6th Ohio Regiment during the Civil War, 1861–1864.

PERRY COUNTY MICROFILM.  F 0180.  1 reel of microfilm.  Swiss Colonization Society Papers, 1852–1859.  Collection guide in library.

ZULAUF, JOHN.  Papers.  M 0308, BV 1769–1772.  1 box, 4 bound volumes.  Collection guide in library.  Came from Thurgan, Switzerland to Clark County.  Operated a lace and silk importing store in Louisville, Kentucky, and employed to represent Swiss heirs of John Fischli (d. 1838).  Bulk of letters in German to Zulauf from family and employers in Switzerland, 1835–1866.