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Territorial Indiana, American Revolution and Statehood

Through treaties and other removal policies, Native lands in Indiana were gradually opened for white settlement. Americans flooded across the Appalachians, down the Ohio River, and across the trails. Many pioneers believed that land would not only provide their living but also lay the foundation for freedom, equality and democracy. Those American ideals were important to pioneers. Among those seeking a better life in Indiana were African American pioneers. Free blacks and escaped slaves sought the same opportunities as white pioneers.  

On Dec. 11, 1816, U.S. president James Madison signed the congressional resolution admitting Indiana to the Union as the 19th state. It was now up to Hoosiers to define their place in the American nation.

Search the Indiana Historical Society online catalog

Suggested search terms

Indians - Northwest Territory - Indiana Territory - George Rogers Clark - Anthony Wayne - William Henry Harrison - William Conner - Vincennes - pioneer - Abraham Lincoln - canals - river transportation - Caleb Mills - New Harmony - 1851 Constitution

Download related curriculum

Frontier Indiana
Pioneer Indiana

Read about this subject in Hoosiers and the American Story

Chapter 2: American Expansion Across the Appalachian Mountains
Chapter 3: Pioneers and Politics

Related Indiana Academic Standards for Social Studies (2014)

Grade 4: 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.8, 1.9, 1.17, 2.1, 2.3, 2.7, 3.4, 3.8, 3.9, 3.12
Grade 8: 1.2, 1.3, 1.5, 1.10, 1.11, 1.14, 1.17, 1.18, 1.20, 1.21, 1.30, 2.1, 2.5, 3.9, 4.1, 4.4, 4.5, 4.7
USH: Standard 1, 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3